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BURYING WIRE FOR DOG FENCE
IT IS A VERY SIMPLE PROCEDURE
The Different Wire Gages
WIRE GAGE CHOICES
18 VS 20 G WIRE
18 Gauge vs 20 Gauge For Your Dog Fence Wire?
18 gauge vs 20 gauge Wire for Underground Fence Systems
Which to use?
With the many changes happening in the Underground Pet fence industry, we thought it might be useful for pet owners to hear a professional view point to the question of "What type of wire should I use for my containment system and why?"
There are two types of commonly used wire in two different wire gauges (Thickness). The copper wire comes in either a stranded or solid core version, in either eighteen or twenty gauge sizes. Below are a couple of definitions, explaining the differences between the wire.
Stranded wire consists of a number of thin copper wires woven into one larger piece of wire. PetSafe packages this wire in all of their retail systems. It comes in 500 foot spools and is only made in 20 gauge. Stranded wire tends to be easier to work with, however it tends to be more fragile and prone to corrosion. Stranded wire is a good option for those on a budget, with the understanding that it may need to be replaced in 5 years. Solid core wire is available for PetSafe systems, and works equally well with their systems.
Solid core wire is just what it says, one solid copper wire. Innotek systems currently package their systems with solid core 20 gauge wire. Solid core wire is a little tougher to work with, but it tends to be more durable and less prone to corrosion. A solid core 18 gauge wire is available from most fence dealers and is an excellent choice for above ground systems due to its even greater strength and durability. Solid core wire typically lasts about twice as long as stranded wire.
Now that we have the definitions out of the way, let's take a look at several questions that we are always asked.
What wire do I use if I need more than 500 feet?
One dealer is saying the following, which is a direct quote:
"Caution: Many dealers, in order to cut cost, have recently begun packaging multiple rolls of 500 ft. rolls of 20 gauge stranded red wire in fence kits, and advertising it as "Petsafe approved wire" Although Petsafe does package 20 gauge stranded wire in 500 ft. fence kits, Petsafe does not offer kits that include more than one roll of stranded wire! There is a good reason for Petsafe's decision. Stranded wire is very reliable for the 500 ft. system, but adding more lenghts of wire requires splices. Stranded wire splices often allow moisture to seep in around the splice, and create problems."
This statement is completely false and misleading! Don't take my word for it, call PetSafe directly at 1-800-732-2677 and ask them. If this statement was true, PetSafe wouldn't sell extra boundary kits for their systems. If you are using a good splice connector then there is no problem. If this statement were true, PetSafe wouldn't make a transmitter that would handle yards up to 25 acres or use approximately 4000 feet of wire.
Innotek wire comes in 20 gauge 500 foot spools also. Using a good splice connector , you can splice wire together to attain the desired amount of wire for your system.
WHICH WIRE SHOULD I USE FOR MY DOG FENCE?
18 Gauge VS 20 Gauge Wire?
Previously, both gauges work for underground fence systems or Innotek, PetSafe or other manufacturers would not pack their systems with 20gauge wire. However, there are some recommended guidelines that will help you decide which wire will be better for you. First 18 gauge is stronger and more durable and long lasting than 20 Gauge Boundary wire. Solid core copper wire is better than stranded wire.
Here are some guidelines to follow:
Use 18 gauge if you have
Rocky soil or rocks
If you are not burying the wire
Many trees or vegetation
Larger than 5 acres
Use 20 Gauge if you have:
-loose sandy or clay soil
-putting wire next to a fence
-few trees or vegetation
-5 acres or smaller area
** If installing a fence above ground, you will need to use lawn staples every 5 feet. These are sold in packages of about 100 staples. One package will take care of one 500 foot spool of wire. Where you cut grass it is best to bury the wire.
A few important notes to keep in mind when purchasing a fence system:
-Installing the wire underground the best tool to use is an edger, a gas powered edger or an edger that also lays cable at the same time, it could be called a cable layer or edger-trencher. The wire only needs to be buried 2 -3 in but can go deeper if you want.
-Never mix 2 types of wire! Mixed wire can give you signal problems and affect the functioning of your system. IF you use 20 gauge stranded to start, then stick with 20 gauge stranded. Don't go from stranded to solid core. The same goes for all the different wire. If more than 500 foot is being purchased for larger areas, make sure that extra wire is the same type of wire.
- If you are using the pre-twisted wire you must use 20 gauge twisted wire with 20 gauge solid core wire and if you are using 18 gauge wire for your fence you must use 18 gauge pre-twisted wire.
-NEVER weave your fencing wire through a CHAIN LINK FENCE or metal fence, it will negatively affect the functioning of the fence systems
-If you have an existing fence it would be best to put the electric fence wire at least one foot inside the existing fence
-If you are going through a forest or heavily treed area where you cannot bury the wire, just leave it on the surface use staples or trees to keep in place and the ground will grow up over it. It is important to bury the wire where you will be cutting grass over the wire.
-The wire is waterproof with a Polyurethane coating and can also go through wet or swampy areas and still work just fine.
-IMPORTANT, if your are ordering extra rolls of wire, you should always order an extra set of 50 boundary flags with every extra roll of 500 foot of wire that you purchase. It is important for your pet to know the boundary. If you order 1500 foot of wire for example, you should get 150 boundary flags.
USE A GAS POWERED EDGER
WHAT TO USE TO BURY THE WIRE
PLEASE CHECK THS WIRE CHART FOR THE AMOUNT OF WIRE YOU NEED
Do not forget the correct amount of flags there should be 1 flag every 10 ft. 50 flags for every 500 feet of wire. The flags should be put at the edge of the sound or boundary area. not at the wire edge. Train the dog not to go into the sound and that the sound leads to the shock.
THERE ARE 4 TYPES OF WIRE:
The thickest wire is 14g wire then 16g wire then 18g wire then 20g wire. The thicker wire gauges are more dureable thatn the next one down. The 18g wire and 20g wire has a solid core and the 14g wire and 16g wire has a stranded core.
It is not advisable to mix wire gauges on the same fence system, it should be the same gauge all the way around your area or the fence system will not function properly.
If you need extra wire, it is available on the Accessory page.
For 20g WIRE dog fences, use # 2500020 - 20G wire alone
# BD-20K Bounary kit – 18g wire, flags and splices
# T-20WIRE -20G Twisted wire 100FT
For 18 g WIRE dog fences, use # P1 Wire - 18g wire alone
# BD-18K Bounary kit – 18g wire, flags and splices
# T-18WIRE -18G Twisted wire 50FT
For 16 g WIRE dog fences, use # 16GW - 16g wire alone
# BD-16K Bounary kit – 16g wire, flags and splices
# T-16WIRE -16G Twisted wire 50FT
For 14 g WIRE dog fences, use # 14GW - 14g wire alone
# BD-14K Bounary kit – 14g wire, flags and splices
# T-14WIRE -14G Twisted wire 50FT
VIDEO ON HOW TO INSTALL YOUR UNDERGROUND DOG FENCE
ABOVE GROUND WIRE INSTALLATION
ABOVE GROUND WIRE INSTALLATION
Above Ground Installation of Dog Fence Wire
A common misconception about Underground Dog Fencing is that is needs to be buried "Underground". This unfortunate but understandable misconception often scares many people away from enjoying the freedom that these fences provide both you and your pet. There is no need to spend a weekend burying the wire underground, or paying some one hundreds of dollars to bury the boundary wire when it can be installed above ground in only a matter of an hour or two. Using wire pegs you can "Staple" the wire to the ground. Within a matter of 7 - 14 days the root system of your lawn will grow over the wire and hide it completely from view, essentially "Burying" it into the lawn. Not only does this make the installation of your new pet containment systems hassle free, it also eliminates any potential loss of signal that may result from burying the boundary wire under several inches of dirt, not to mention the backaches and blisters it will save you.
The Procedure is simple:
Next, place a "Staple" where the twisted wire and the beginning of the boundary meet (if you have a splice in this area please dig a small hole about 2 inches deep and bury the splice. Then place a "Staple" in the front of and behind the splice to relieve any pressure on the splice) Now walk the wire to the first corner of your boundary and "Staple" it to the ground. Repeat this step for all four corners of your boundary. Next go back just as you did with your twisted wire and "Staple" any raised areas down until they are completely flush with the ground.
You are now done!!! It is that simple. You have no need to worry about people tripping over the wire because it is completely flush to the ground and will be completely hidden within 7-10 days. You also do not need to worry about your lawnmower cutting the wire as the blades will never get anywhere near the wire. Nobody cuts their lawns to shorter than an inch, with the vast majority of people keeping them at 2" - 3" inches, the wire is flush to the ground and cannot be cut.
There are really only a couple of instances where burying the wire is preferable.
If you frequently have your yard aerated you will want the wire at least 5 - 6 inches in the ground. Although if you do an above ground installation you can simply avoid the exterior boundarieswhen performing the aeration.
MORE DOG FENCING INFORMATION
CHOOSE ANOTHER DOG FENCING CATEGORY FROM THE DROPDOWN LIST
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Please Note: All the products sold on this website will not be sold or shipped to any other countries other than all the U.S.A. Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico and Bahamas. Use BONGO Freight forwarding for overseas export at this time . Please check our International Orders page to learn more about this or check http://www.petsafe.net/Intl/CA.aspx find the international link for a listiing of the locations of international retailers who are located in and sell in other parts of the world. Sorry thisis all we can we can do to help you at this time.
Please Note For Clarification Even though our company name is K9 Electric Dog Fence and the words electric dog fence and electric appear in many places throughout our website, this is for your understanding and convenience. The Innotek dog fences, pet containment systems and their accessories operate electronically and not electrically, which are very safe for your dog.
As a result of our consumers continued satisfaction with the products marketed under the Brands PetSafe®, Innotek®, and SportDOG®. Radio Systems Corp. has become the industry leader in Consumer Pet Electronics. Radio Systems and our authorized resellers only sell new products in its original packaging. Radio Systems does not offer for sale to any party, refurbished, “open box”, or out-of-the box items. Products purchased from reseller’s not in original packaging or sold as refurbished will not be covered by our warranty, our any consumer support. Radio Systems is committed to consumer satisfaction. To that end Radio Systems Corp. cautions consumers from purchasing any product other than new product in its original packaging. You should not purchase from any resellers claiming to sell “refurbished product” as this is a false and misleading claim. We thank you for interest in our products; please refer to our website for additional product information http://www.petsafe.net/Intl/CA.aspx .
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